New Zealand is a wealthy Pacific nation predominantly made of people from European descent. The Maori, who were descendants of Polynesian settlers are the indigenous people of New Zealand, and make up the largest minority group in New Zealand.
New Zealand consists of two main islands and numerous smaller ones. Around three-quarters of the population lives in the North Island, which is also home to the capital, Wellington.
Agriculture is the economic mainstay, but manufacturing and tourism are important. Visitors are drawn to the glacier-carved mountains, lakes, beaches and thermal springs. Because of the island’s geographical isolation, much of the flora and fauna is unique to the country.
New Zealand plays an active role in Pacific affairs. It has constitutional ties with the Pacific territories of Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau.